Railroad Museum of Prolonged Island in Riverhead:
Although Riverhead can be viewed as the virtual conclude of Lengthy Island, it was only the starting of the at first meant intermodal rail-and-sea link’s traverse of the North Fork towards the eventual cross-seem ferry link.
Having its earliest-settlement title of “Head of the River” or “River Head,” the finally selected, solitary-word “Riverhead,” the ninth of Suffolk County’s 10 cities, was made out of the west stop of Southold on March thirteen, 1792.
So separate and autonomous, it was injected with progress with the arrival of the railroad and the quite station, built on July 29, 1844 and serving the South Ferry, Brooklyn, to Greenport line, was produced on current-working day Railroad Avenue. In spite of its by way of-objective, it channeled its have disembarking passenger to stage coaches, which introduced them to Quogue and other south island destinations.
Eastbound trains served the city on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, even though westbound ones, back again to Brooklyn, did so on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.
Mercantile, milling, and production, its widespread business undertakings, catered to a 1,600-solid inhabitants in 1875, the local community boasting two grist mills, offices, twenty suppliers, 3 accommodations, and six church buildings.
Changing the primary train depot, which was transformed into a property for railroad employees, a wooden-framed a person, made by Charles Hallett and that includes scalloped trim and elaborate finials, was created west of Griffing Avenue involving 1869 and 1870. This was subsequently changed with a third, this time incorporating brick in its building, on June two, 1910.
“In the early 1900s, the east was a spot of prosperous potato farms in summer time and deep snows in wintertime,” wrote Ron Ziel and George H. Foster in their book, “Steel Rails to the Dawn: The Prolonged Island Railroad” (Ameron Home, 1965, p. 158).
“From the time of its realization that the authentic reason for its existence had vanished with the making of the New Haven Railroad to Boston (fifty yrs earlier), the LIRR has played a important position in establishing the areas way out east,” they continued (p. 158). “… Organization and civic corporations all in excess of the island joined with well known citizens, newspapers, and the railroad to advertise journey and settlements on Lengthy Island.”
That progress, even so, was rarely fast and when rails ended up afterwards changed by roadways, the Very long Island Railroad’s re-invented, intermodal transportation objective experienced vanished, leaving the bulk of its travellers to commute to Manhattan for the duration of the mass early morning exodus.
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Without a doubt, by 1963, most important line provider east of Riverhead had been reduced to a solitary every day passenger and thrice-weekly freight operate, making use of the keep track of originally laid for the rail-to-sea hyperlink in the mid-19th century.
Present-day significant-level concrete system, which does not bear a one shoeprint on certain days and in specific seasons, was manufactured amongst 1996 and 1997, but for rail lovers, some of its background has been preserved at the Railroad Museum of Lengthy Island across from it.
“The heritage of Prolonged Island can be traced in steel rails, which cross its diversified landscape-from darkish tunnels beneath New York City to the farms and sand dunes of the East Stop,” in accordance to its web site. “The Railroad Museum of Extended Island strives to illustrate this heritage by means of interpretive shows from its archive of photos and artifacts, and as a result of the preservation and restoration of classic railroad tools at its two destinations in Riverhead and Greenport, New York.”
The former, consisting of a 70-foot parcel of land now owned by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, but leased to the museum, once sported a pump house, a h2o tower, and a turntable that was no more time dimensionally compatible with the much larger, additional powerful locomotives showing through Environment War II. Cornerstone of the complex today is a setting up hailing from 1885 and made use of by the Corwin and Vail Lumber Yard, yet now serving as the museum’s customer heart with a Lionel model railroad layout sporting Lengthy Island Railroad coaches in different liveries, a cardboard and balsa wooden reproduction of the Riverhead depot, which commemorates its one hundredth anniversary, and a present shop.
Across from it is the Lionel Guests Center, showcasing a many-track format with a Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey circus show, a h2o tower that identifies the metropolis as “Lionelville,” and seventy two thrust-button activated add-ons from turning wind turbines to lighted manage towers.
Outside the house are two other product railroads: the G-scale Freeman Railroad and the advanced-circumnavigating and rideable, 1964-1965 World’s Reasonable prepare.
Constructed by the Alan Herschel Business, the sixteen-gauge teach alone was an integral portion of the fair’s Lengthy Island Railroad Pavilion, soon after which it was applied by Grumman Aerospace at its Calverton company picnic, prior to currently being made use of by the village of Patchogue and finally getting donated to the museum.
Considering the fact that restored, its engine and three cars, putting on World’s Honest livery and advertising and marketing, “Trip the Log Island. Vacation straightforward, your steel thruway to Truthful Gateway,” run on 670 feet of keep track of, ordinarily departing each individual 50 % hour and earning a few circuits. Rides are involved with admission.
The crossing shanty up coming to it, which was at first found in Innwood, Queens, and safeguarded guards from the weather conditions, facilitated the manual decreasing and boosting of gates when trains handed to hinder pedestrian and vehicular motion. Riverhead reverted to an automatic system in the early -fifties.
The Railroad Museum of Extensive Island’s steam and diesel locomotives and passenger and freight cars and trucks are varied and traditionally sizeable. Whilst a number of are shown outside the present shop, most are located across Griffing Avenue, parallel to now lively LIRR tracks and across from the existing Riverhead Station.
The players in the 1955 Close of Steam Ceremony are on show listed here, even though in various stages of restoration.
Time, distance, and know-how separated the steam locomotives from their passenger coaches more than 50 percent a century ago, but the museum reunited some of them and they now stand only a couple yards from just about every other, albeit in static, but restoring states.
As one of the Pennsylvania Railroad’s Class G-five “10 wheelers,” motor #39, for case in point, was manufactured in its Juniata retailers in 1923, nevertheless its strong abilities, expressed by its features, ideally provisioned it for each day, demanding commuter line support: a 237,000-pound gross bodyweight, a 2,178-hp cylinder ability, a 205-psi boiler strain, a forty one,328-pound tractive effort and hard work, and speeds in between 70 and 85 mph.
Largely serving the Oyster Bay branch, it was the last steam motor to travel to Greenport, in June of 1955.
Releasing its railway motor vehicle to the arms of an RS-3 diesel locomotive, selection 1556, all through the Finish of Steam handoff in Hicksville, it relinquished an period. That motor, a 1,600-hp Class AGP-16msc, provisioned with many unit speed handle and crafted by the American Locomotive Company, subsequently served the Very long Island Railroad system for 22 several years, whereafter it was obtained by the Gettysburg and Maryland Midland Railroad, and was finally acquired by the museum.