Drug detoxification, or drug detox since it is popularly known, is the process of abstaining from the drugs while simultaneously controlling withdrawal symptoms. Typically, withdrawal signs and symptoms occur with sudden stoppage of the drug. Severe side effects are proven to occur coupled with intense cravings for that substance of addiction. The length of time that the withdrawal symptoms occur depend on factors such as the type of drug utilized, the general physical and mental health of the patient, etc ., among others.
During the drug detox period, the body is definitely given time to get rid of the drug residues accumulated in the system (many of which are toxic) due to long-term make use of. Drug detox is an unpleasant encounter for the drug addict and is considered to be one of the important reasons why addicts dislike the detoxification process.
Drug Detox Programs
In this context, it is important to know that failing to choose a properly managed recuperation program can lead to relapsing into drug abuse all over again.
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Family members and friends may not prove to be of much assistance to get the addict to quit the habit. A professionally managed drug detox program under medical supervision is the best way to go. A program underneath the care of a specialist will be geared to look after both physical and psychological problems that come along with the process.
Both inpatient and outpatient facilities are available and which one a patient should undergo depends on the intensity of the drug addiction. The contacting medical specialist makes a decision with this. The programs are conducted within facilities that can boast of comprehensive medical support as many medical emergencies may arise during the drug detox phase.
Withdrawal from tranquilizers and opiates cause symptoms such as trembling, sweating, chills, slowed down breathing, etc . Withdrawal from drugs such as ecstasy, weed and cocaine can cause depression, insomnia, paranoia and anxiety, among many other symptoms. Sudden stoppage of medicines is known to cause heart attacks plus strokes in some addicts and an expert drug detox program can minimize such risks.
Drug Detox Levels
The acute stage is the very first stage of withdrawal. This generally lasts for a few weeks and is after that followed by the post-acute stage. Throughout the acute stage more physical withdrawal symptoms come to the fore, whereas in the post-acute stage, the emotional symptoms are more evident and physical symptoms lessen. This is attributed to the conflict between the neural and hormonal systems that occur due to drawback of the drugs.
Withdrawal Symptoms Therapy
Cocaine and meth addiction will be treated by using benzodiazepines. These drugs are by themselves addictive; therefore these are administered under strict medical supervision. Heroin addiction is treated with methadone. Some drug detox programs recommend quitting cold turkey. The actual physical suffering and pain on preventing the drugs can be immense. Despression symptoms and psychosis that occur because of withdrawal of drugs such as cocaine are treated with neuroleptics. Addiction to specific other drugs is treated with calcium-channel blockers. Use of vitamin C is observed to be effective in overcoming effects of prescription stimulants used by meth addicts for the purpose of recovery.